Sapphire is a variety of corundum, an aluminium oxide, its chemical formula is


Sapphire has a hexagonal crystal structure.




Physical Properties of Sapphire

Lustre: Adamantine, Vitreous, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency): Transparent, Translucent, Opaque
Colour: Blue, white, yellow, pink
Streak: White
Hardness (Mohs): 9
Hardness Data: Mohs hardness reference species
Tenacity: Brittle
Cleavage: None Observed
Parting: Rhombohedral and basal parting {0001}, sometimes perfect but interrupted; also on {1011} due to exsolution (Boehmite), observed on large blocks (Georgia, USA).
Fracture: Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density (measured): 3.98 - 4.1 g/cm3
Density (calculated): 3.997 g/cm3

 * Physical properties of Sapphire was provided by *

Energetic Properties of Sapphire (Blue)

Key Words: Awareness, discipline
Chakras: Third Eye (6th chakra), Throat (5th chakra)
Physical: Aids healing of headaches, vertigo, earaches, vision problems
Emotional: Encourages inner strength and confidence
Spiritual: Enhances psychic abilities, mental clarity and insight

Energetic Properties of Sapphire (Yellow)

Key Words: Abundance, stength of will
Chakras: Solar Plexus (3rd chakra)
Physical: Aids the body's vitality and digestion, supports the spleen
Emotional: Allows one to playfully enjoy one's work and creative activity
Spiritual: Strong ally for manifestation of wealth and one's highest vision

Energetic Properties of Sapphire (Pink)

Key Words: Love, forgiveness
Chakras: Heart (4th chakra)
Physical: Supports heart and bloodstream, vibrationally helps balance blood sugar and glucose metabolism
Emotional: Encourages gentleness and compassion in relationships
Spiritual: Provides courage to love without fear and to act with generosity

Energetic Properties of Sapphire (White)

Key Words: Awareness, clarity, discernment
Chakras: Third Eye (6th chakra), Crown (7th chakra)
Physical: Stimulates pineal andn pituitary glands, energetically aids brain function
Emotional: Aids in overcoming fear of fulfilling one's spiritual purpose
Spiritual: Supports mental and spiritual clarity, link with the Higher Self


* Energetic Properties of Sapphire was provided by Book of Stones *